But many people find a personal challenge in these words that is interwoven with the questions: who is this person and what in the world was he doing? They are questions worth considering for oneself, but it may also be helpful to see the progression of opinions given by our rabbis.
Some of the first written interpretations or targums ancient paraphrases on biblical texts see this passage as referring to an individual servant, the Messiah, who would suffer. Messianic Jewish talmudist, Rachmiel Frydland, recounts those early views: 3.
Christine marked it as to-read Sep 26, This supports the Maven widget and search functionality. O bring him up from the circle of the earth. Messianic Jewish talmudist, Rachmiel Frydland, recounts those early views: 3. Learn more - opens in new window or tab. The easiest antecedent is the Lord's servant: after all, the arm is an it , and all sorts of theological questions would arise if the antecedent were the Lord himself.
The Aramaic translation of this chapter, ascribed to Rabbi Jonathan ben Uzziel, a disciple of Hillel who lived early in the second century c. This palace the Messiah enters, and He summons every pain and every chastisement of Israel.
All of these come and rest upon Him. The early sages expected a personal Messiah to fulfill the Isaiah prophecy. No alternative interpretation was applied to this passage until the Middle Ages. And then, a completely different view was presented. This view was popularized by Jewish commentator Rashi Rabbi Shlomo Itzchaki , who lived one thousand years after Jesus.
Rashi held the position that the servant passages of Isaiah referred to the collective fate of the nation of Israel rather than a personal Messiah. Some rabbis, such as Ibn Ezra and Kimchi, agreed. Second, they pointed out that the text is grammatically in the singular tense throughout. Third, they noted verse 8 of chapter This verse presents some difficulty to those who interpret this passage as referring to Israel.
It reads:. By oppression and judgment, he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. God promises that Israel will live forever:. How can the sin-bearer and the sinner be the same? Yet to this day, many rabbis persist in citing Rashi as the definitive word on how to interpret the servant of the Lord in Isaiah Others admit the weakness of this view and say that the passage applies to an individual.
As you go through the proposed list of people this passage describes, ask yourself: which one was totally blameless throughout his life? Which one died for the sins of others? Which one lives today? What do I think? Am I willing to dismiss Jesus as the one whom the prophet foretold? Then ask yourself again, why is this passage omitted from the regular synagogue readings?
Could it be because countless Jewish followers in Yeshua Jesus have come to believe in him after studying this very passage? And you would probably find that a large percentage of them found this passage extremely influential in their thinking. Leah is a year-old Jewish woman who was searching for answers to her spiritual questions.
When faced with the question, Was Jesus who he claimed to be? Opening it to the passage in question, she made two astounding discoveries. First, the passage really did sound like it was describing Jesus.
And second, her father had circled the entire chapter. He is married and the father of four children. Customer Reviews. Write a review. Ask a question. Pricing policy About our prices. We're committed to providing low prices every day, on everything. So if you find a current lower price from an online retailer on an identical, in-stock product, tell us and we'll match it. See more details at Online Price Match. Email address.
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