In the present tense John was speaking of living a life of sin, so that he can say that whoever abides in God does not continue living a sinful life. Two erroneous conclusions might have been drawn from against which the author guarded in , 2. The acknowledgement of the persistent malady of sin might lead a Christian to accept sin as inevitable in life, causing him to ease his struggle against sin.
Also, the readily available forgiveness of sin might lead a Christian to presume on God as the God of forgiveness. The author hastened to assure his readers that everything that he was writing was written that they might not sin. His readers were encouraged to remember the facts that are inseparable from fellowship with God. Keep the commandments The author began this section by a reference to knowledge, or assurance, of a personal relation to God. John prob. It was Jesus Himself who identified these commandments with His word.
There is an objective basis behind all Christian experience that made it impossible for men to brand it a sham or an illusion. That objective basis is keeping the commandments. The importance and meaning of keeping the commandments is developed by two illustrations: 1 love for the believing brother 1 John , 2 avoiding love for the world 1 John It is prob. Some have judged it a parenthesis in which the writer definitely turned aside for a word of personal appeal. In the Christian context, the readers may have heard it preached by Paul and John. Some who had professed the light had given the lie to that profession by the darkness of their hatred for their brethren.
John was saying that the new commandment is to put the old commandment into practice; in that sense it is not a new commandment at all but the old one applied. As previously noted, this passage is a personal appeal in the first instance. These tender words of personal exhortation are in sharp contrast with the rather severe words that follow. The basis upon which John wrote to them was that their sins had been forgiven them. Since this was true, he was able to write these things to them because they were in the fellowship.
The lowly sand we trample upon, cast into the furnace, melted, purified by fire, may become resplendent crystal. You should look into who promoted and profited off of slaves in the new world. Locke underpins the case for separation by showing that it is we who designate the purposes of our several communities. MS Locke c. Milton and Philip Milton, I have used their authoritative transcription but have modernized the text.
He reassured his readers of their real knowledge of the Father. Their abiding knowledge of God was attested by their fellowship with Him. There are two reasons that arise from the essential nature of the world that labels love of the world as unspiritual: 1 such love is fixed upon that which is in essential opposition to God, 2 such love is fixed upon that which is unable to stand the test of time. Beware the antichrist In early Christianity the belief that an antichrist would come who would be the direct opponent of Christ was widespread and significant.
Usually the thought centered on one antichrist, but here John considered anyone as an antichrist who taught the false doctrines that he had thus far considered. They have withdrawn from the fellowship, and this itself branded them as those who had never shared in the real life and fellowship of the brethren. They had not loved the brethren because they had not loved God. The cause of Christ had been in much greater danger before these false teachers had been revealed for what they really were, i.
The special heresy against which John warned his readers was related to the person of Christ.
To deny that Jesus was at one and the same time the perfect man and the true God, was the supreme lie. Such a liar was antichrist.
A denial such as this is also a denial of the Father, for it is only through the Son that the Father had been manifested in the flesh. Whereas previously it was affirmed that love of the world was proof that one did not love God, in this passage it is affirmed that the denial of the truth concerning Christ is evidence that there is no fellowship with God. Faith in Christ tests fellowship with God. Loyalty to the truth of God in Christ is declared to have its rewards. The two advantages that result from such loyalty conclude the section.
They are an eternal relationship with God through Christ and a secure knowledge of spiritual realities. Do right The Gnostics taught that restraint of sin was unnecessary. John esp. The reason why the world did not recognize these Christians as children of God was because that world did not know God. Beyond all this there awaits these believers a wonderful destiny more marvelous than anything yet experienced. In vv. These two lives come from two personal sources—Christ and the devil. A new life principle has been imparted to the Christian, a life principle that could not possibly be the seed of sin because it comes from God.
The children of God may be expected to resemble their Father, God, in righteousness. The most difficult v. It is to be understood, however, that the tenses of the verbs in Gr. Love the brethren Proud Gnosticism, boasting its intellectual superiority, produced a spirit of arrogance and self-assertiveness on the part of its followers. There was no place in it for the uninitiated who did not accept the Gnostic interpretation.
Jealousy, contempt, and hatred characterized this heretical movement. Love is thus declared to be the manifestation of this new life from God in men. Be confident When Christians judge themselves by the high standard of Christian love, it is easy to become discouraged. The first vv.
Prayer would have no foundation if it were not for the greatness of God. Test the spirits Before he continued with his message, the author paused to warn his readers about the false doctrine of the spirit as held by the Gnostics. The Gnostics talked much about spirit. Matter, they said, was evil, but the spirit was the divine part of man because it was non-material.
They claimed that their knowledge of God was a spiritual knowledge.
of 30 results for Books: "Second Third Epistles John". Skip to main search results . The Bible: First, Second, Third Epistle of John for Easy Reading. He urges the readers to exercise this love and informs them that there are many can easily find statements corresponding to those in II John and III John The second Epistle especially is very similar to the first, a similarity that can.
The fundamental test to apply to a teacher was his attitude toward Christ. If such a teacher denied the reality of the Incarnation, he then based his message upon the wisdom of human reason rather than on revelation from God. Abide in God Twice already John affirmed that love is the test of the Christian life. In this passage, the letter reaches its climax, for it was intended not only to give tests by which the readers could measure their lives, but more importantly, to secure for them a deeper experience with God.
Love is the supreme test both of the new life and the abiding fellowship of God. Love is the natural fruit of the saved life. John related this love to the reality of the incarnation of Jesus Christ in the flesh. If Jesus was not truly the Son of God, then the love of God for a lost world was a figment of the imagination. When love is associated with faith and devotion toward Jesus Christ, it then becomes a valid evidence of life everlasting. God, because He is love, is the one source of love. Love that is genuine, according to John, has to have its source in God. Have faith Throughout 1 John is a constant interplay of love, righteousness, and belief.
The author insisted upon the relation of belief and love. The readers must remember to identify love with keeping the commandments. Because they are children of God, it should not be burdensome for them. Also, those born of God will gain the victory over the world through faith. It was not the Gnostic victory of spirit over matter, but the Christian victory of righteousness over evil. Faith brings victory. Faith comes from love. Love results from being born again. These are the familiar Johannine themes brought again into combination and new emphasis.
Verse 6 may have been a direct thrust at the Gnostic leader, Cerinthus, who taught that the divinity of Christ came upon the human Jesus at His baptism in the form of the dove that descended from heaven, but left Him in Gethsemane. The true witness of Christian experience, given through the Spirit, is that salvation is accepted by faith in Jesus as the Son of God.
Ask God Knowledge not only brought the certainty of salvation but also boldness and confidence in prayer.
The reference to mortal sin and the fact that John did not encourage prayer for such, has created much bewilderment for Christian interpreters through the centuries. A Christian cannot pray with complete confidence where the genuine experience of grace is questionable. He could not encourage hopeful prayer that such a one because he was a brother would be dealt with by God as He deals with His children.